Animals And Language





[Sept. 1, 1883.]



I can match Mrs. De Morgan's pretty story of her Dido. A wise old dog

with whom I have the privilege to associate was, two or three days ago,

lying asleep in her basket by the fire. I entered the room with my hat

on, and invited her to join me in a walk; but, after looking up at me

for a moment, as canine politeness required, she dropped back among her

cushions, obviously replying, "Thank you very much, but I prefer

repose." Thereupon I observed, in a clear voice, "I am not going on

the road [a promenade disliked by the dogs, because the walls on either

side restrict the spirit of scientific research]; I am going up the

mountain." Instantly my little friend jumped up, shook her ears, and,

with a cheerful bark, announced herself as ready to join the party.



Beyond doubt or question, Colleen had either understood the word "road,"

or the word "mountain," or both, and determined her proceedings

accordingly. Nothing in my action showed, or could show, the meaning of

my words.



If any of your readers who have resided for some weeks or months in a

country where a language is spoken entirely foreign to their own--say,

Arabic, or Basque, or Welsh--will recall of how many words they

insensibly learn the meaning without asking it, and merely by hearing

them always used in certain relations, they will have, I think, a fair

measure of the extent and nature of a dog's knowledge of the language of

his masters. My dog has lived fewer years in the world than I have

passed in Wales, but he knows just about as much English as I know

Welsh, and has acquired it just in the same way.



F. P. C.





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